What are the steps to troubleshoot slow or erratic computer behavior?

If your computer is running slow or acting weird, you might be tempted to throw it out the window or take it to the nearest repair shop. But before you do that, you can try some simple troubleshooting steps to identify and fix the problem yourself. In this article, we will show you how to troubleshoot slow or erratic computer behavior using some basic techniques and tools.

Check for malware

One of the most common causes of slow or erratic computer behavior is malware, which is any malicious software that can infect your system and harm your data, privacy, or performance. Malware can include viruses, spyware, ransomware, adware, and more. To check for malware, you need to use a reliable antivirus program and scan your entire system regularly. You should also update your antivirus software and operating system to the latest versions and avoid clicking on suspicious links or attachments.

Clear your cache and cookies

Another reason why your computer might be slow or erratic is that your browser cache and cookies are overloaded with temporary files and data from the websites you visit. Cache and cookies can help your browser load pages faster and remember your preferences, but they can also take up space and slow down your system. To clear your cache and cookies, you need to go to your browser settings and look for the option to delete or clear browsing data. You should also close any tabs or windows that you are not using and limit the number of extensions or plugins that you install on your browser.

Free up disk space

If your computer has low disk space, it can affect its speed and performance as well. Disk space is the amount of storage available on your hard drive or solid state drive (SSD) for your files and programs. If your disk space is full or nearly full, your computer will have less room to run smoothly and efficiently. To free up disk space, you need to delete any unnecessary files or programs that you don’t use or need anymore. You can also use a disk cleanup tool or a cloud storage service to remove or backup some of your files and programs.

Upgrade your hardware

Sometimes, your computer might be slow or erratic because your hardware is outdated or incompatible with your software or operating system. Hardware is the physical components of your computer, such as the CPU, RAM, GPU, motherboard, and so on. If your hardware is too old or too weak, it can limit your computer’s performance and cause errors or crashes. To upgrade your hardware, you need to check your system specifications and compare them with the requirements of your software or operating system. You can then replace or add some of the hardware components, such as increasing your RAM or installing a faster SSD.

Adjust your settings

Another way to troubleshoot slow or erratic computer behavior is to adjust some of the settings on your computer that can affect its speed and performance. For example, you can disable some of the visual effects or animations that can make your computer look nice but also consume resources. You can also change some of the power options or sleep settings that can save energy but also slow down your computer. To adjust your settings, you need to go to your control panel or system preferences and look for the options that suit your needs and preferences.

Restart your computer

Finally, one of the simplest and most effective steps to troubleshoot slow or erratic computer behavior is to restart your computer. Restarting your computer can clear the memory, close the background processes, and fix some of the minor glitches or errors that can cause your computer to act up. To restart your computer, you need to click on the start menu or the power button and choose the option to restart or reboot. You should also avoid shutting down your computer by force or unplugging it from the power source, as this can damage your system or cause data loss.


With the tips and solutions provided in this Blog, you now have a solid foundation for computer repair. Remember, regular maintenance, updates, and safe computing practices are crucial to keep your computer running smoothly. While DIY troubleshooting can solve many issues, don’t hesitate to seek professional help when needed. By staying informed and proactive, you can ensure your computer remains a reliable and efficient tool for all your digital needs.